The Good, Bad and Ugly About BMI
BMI is a measurement of body fat based on height and weight.
Higher BMI is associated with increased risk of chronic health conditions.
BMI categories can perpetuate misconceptions and weight stigma.
BMI may not accurately reflect health in individuals with muscle or different body compositions.
BMI calculation: weight divided by the square root of height.
BMI ranges: underweight, healthy weight, overweight, obese (class 1, 2, 3).
BMI can overestimate body fat in athletes and underestimate in older adults.
BMI is problematic for children and should not be used in isolation.
BMI can be a useful tool in the doctor's office to assess chronic disease risks.
Fat cells release inflammatory signals associated with chronic diseases.
Doctors should consider a broader picture of the patient beyond BMI.
Waist circumference can measure visceral fat and associated health risks.
Waist-to-height ratio is an alternative measurement tool for cardiovascular health prediction.
Other tools are not practical or informative compared to BMI in clinical settings.
More comprehensive approaches are needed to assess individual health beyond BMI.