Local transmission of malaria has recently been reported in Florida and Texas, prompting a health notice from government authorities. The last time malaria was spread by mosquitoes in the United States was 20 years ago.
The CDC stresses the need for ongoing monitoring and assures the public that malaria is very rare in the United States. Prompt care was provided to all five patients; four in Florida and one in Texas.
Understanding Malaria Transmission
The bite of an infected mosquito may lead to malaria. Malaria cannot be spread from person to person; rather, mosquitoes acquire the disease by feeding on sick humans. This just serves to keep the disease from spreading.
Malaria may be common in certain foreign countries, but it is not indigenous to the United States. However, certain mosquito species, including the Anopheles, which may be found in different locations in the United States, are capable of spreading malaria if they have previously eaten an infected human.
Factors Contributing to the Risk
Several variables affect the likelihood of malaria spreading in the United States. The danger is greater in areas where insects may endure for long periods of time because of the weather.
Travelers from malaria-prone regions also pose a risk since they may bring the sickness with them. In order to prevent the spread of the disease, it is crucial to maintain a high level of vigilance in these locations.
Recognizing and Treating Malaria
Fever, chills, and profuse perspiration are classic signs of malaria. Successful management of this illness requires prompt diagnosis and therapy. Patients who have been identified and treated thanks to the CDC’s partnership with the health departments of Florida and Texas are making progress.
Insect repellent and clothes that covers any exposed skin are two good ways to protect yourself from mosquito bites. In light of the recent incidents, the state of Florida has issued a warning to its inhabitants about the dangers of mosquito-borne diseases, telling them to get rid of any stagnant water that may serve as a breeding ground and to always wear protective clothing while outside.
Heightened Awareness for Healthcare Professionals
All individuals presenting with unexplained fever in the United States, regardless of recent travel, should be evaluated for malaria. If you live in or have traveled to the impacted areas of Florida or Texas, you should read this.