Inflammation of the throat caused by strep throat is a common bacterial infection. The bacteria that cause it, group A Streptococcus, can be caught by coming into touch with saliva or mucus from someone who has the illness. A sore throat, high temperature, headache, enlarged lymph nodes, and rash are all common symptoms of strep throat.
Without treatment, strep throat can linger for days. Antibiotic treatment, on the other hand, typically results in noticeable improvement within 24 hours and full recovery within 7-10 days.
If you suspect you have strep throat, you should get medical help right away. Treating strep throat with antibiotics is the best approach to stop the disease from spreading.
Symptoms of Strep Throat
Strep throat symptoms usually appear two to five days after the initial contact with the bacteria. Some of the most typical signs are:
- Sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Pain when swallowing
- Redness and inflammation of the throat
- White or yellow spots on the tonsils
Diagnosis of Strep Throat
Strep throat can be diagnosed by a doctor through the use of a quick strep test or a throat culture. The rapid strep test is a simple and speedy screening method that may be carried out right in the doctor’s office. Although the throat culture is a more accurate test, the results take a longer time to get back.
Tips for Managing Strep Throat at Home
- Try to get some shut-eye.
- Take in a lot of fluids.
- To reduce temperature and pain, you can use over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- Multiple times daily, gargle with warm salt water.
- Keep your distance from other individuals to avoid spreading the disease.
If you have any questions or concerns about strep throat, please talk to your doctor.
Complications of Strep Throat
Strep throat, when treated with antibiotics, is usually a minor infection that resolves on its own. However, there are serious consequences that might arise from strep throat in rare circumstances.
- Rheumatic fever: It’s an inflammatory condition that goes on for a long time and can cause problems with your skin, joints, and heart.
- Acute glomerulonephritis: Inflammation and damage to the kidneys may result from this condition.
- Pericarditis: Inflammation of the heart’s pericardium.
- Meningitis: The membranes that protect the brain and spinal cord are inflamed.
Immediately seek medical attention if you experience any of the following signs and symptoms:
- Fever of 102 degrees Fahrenheit or higher
- Severe sore throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Joint pain
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
How to Prevent Strep Throat
Although there is no foolproof method of avoiding strep throat, there are measures you may do to lessen your chances of contracting the infection.
- Use soap and water to clean your hands frequently.
- Keep your distance from sick folks.
- Always cough or sneeze into your elbow or a tissue.
- Get a flu shot and a pneumonia vaccine.
Talk to your doctor if you’re concerned about strep throat.
Treatment of Strep Throat
Antibiotics are generally considered to be the most successful treatment option for strep throat. Antibiotics will aid in the process of killing the germs and preventing the infection from spreading further.
The majority of patients report that they begin to feel better within the first 24 hours after beginning antibiotic treatment. Even if you start to feel better, it is imperative that you finish the entire course of antibiotics prescribed to you in order to prevent the infection from returning.